Non Animal Testing Database

Cohort study of the influence of the maternal vaginal microbiome on the infant gut microbiome

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada(1)
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada(2)
Birth mode has been implicated as a major factor influencing neonatal gut microbiome development, and it has been assumed that lack of exposure to the maternal vaginal microbiome is responsible for gut dysbiosis among caesarean-delivered infants. Consequently, practices to correct dysbiotic gut microbiomes, such as vaginal seeding, have arisen while the effect of the maternal vaginal microbiome on that of the infant gut remains unknown. Here a longitudinal, prospective cohort study of 621 Canadian pregnant women and their newborn infants was conducted and pre-delivery maternal vaginal swabs and infant stool samples at 10-days and 3-months of life were collected. Using cpn60-based amplicon sequencing, the authors defined vaginal and stool microbiome profiles and evaluated the effect of maternal vaginal microbiome composition and various clinical variables on the development of the infant stool microbiome. Infant stool microbiomes showed significant differences in composition by delivery mode at 10-days postpartum; however, this effect could not be explained by maternal vaginal microbiome composition and was vastly reduced by 3 months. Vaginal microbiome clusters were distributed across infant stool clusters in proportion to their frequency in the overall maternal population, indicating independence of the two communities. Intrapartum antibiotic administration was identified as a confounder of infant stool microbiome differences and was associated with lower abundances of Escherichia coli, Bacteroides vulgatus, Bifidobacterium longum and Parabacteroides distasonis. The findings demonstrate that maternal vaginal microbiome composition at delivery does not affect infant stool microbiome composition and development, suggesting that practices to amend infant stool microbiome composition focus factors other than maternal vaginal microbes.
Maternal vaginal microbiome composition does not affect development of the infant gut microbiome in early life
Deborah M. Money(1), Janet E. Hill(2)
Added on: 04-25-2023
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